Besides Mountain gorilla trekking, Volcanoes National Park also offers an interesting golden monkey tracking encounter. The golden Monkeys are rare and endangered species that thrive in the range of Virunga. Tracking golden monkeys involves assembling at the park headquarters Kinigi to commence on this activity at 8am local time and since they dwell in the bamboo forest of the Volcanoes, tracking them involves traversing the lower layers of the jungle involving relative hikes. The activity tends to take 4 hours and by midday the trekkers are already back from the activity.
There are two habituated groups of Golden Monkey, one group comprises around 80 – 100 members and has its home at the foot of Mt Sabyinyo. As with treks to see the Mountain Gorillas, treks to see the Golden Monkeys take place in the mornings and visitors are permitted to stay for 1 hour with the monkeys.
Unique to the Virunga Mountains range, which covers the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Uganda, these delightful golden monkeys are an endangered species. Rwanda and Uganda are the only two countries where visitors have the chance of trekking to see them up close.
The golden monkey has a diet that consists primarily of young bamboo leaves, fruits, bamboo branchlets, bamboo shoots, invertebrates, flowers, and shrubs.
Scientists have observed Golden monkeys using calls for a variety of purposes. Males primarily use their calls as signs of aggression and territorial defensiveness, while female calls have more social functions, such as identifying themselves as part of a group.